Glossary of Terms
Definitions are provided to help applicants understand what we mean when we use certain words or terms.
A summary which highlights the essential elements of a proposed project.
Financial document that projects an organization's income and expenditures for the fiscal year.
A voluntary report issued by an organization that provides financial data and descriptions of agency activities. Annual reports vary in format from simple typewritten documents to detailed publications that provide substantial information about the programs and services offered.
Children or adolescents with a higher-than-average likelihood of developing psychological disorders.
Standards by which outcomes are measured, such as against best practices in a field, by past performance levels of a particular program, or even against the mission of an organization itself. Benchmarks provide comparative information.
The recipients of services.
Refers to activities that strengthen an organization and help it fulfill its mission.
Process of assessment and treatment that is intended to eliminate or minimize the long-term impact of intellectual or psychological problems.
Questions that help determine whether a project's goals, objectives and anticipated outcomes have been achieved.
The methodology that will be used to answer evaluation questions.
Treatment, intervention, or program that has a strong research base supporting its effectiveness. The research usually involves controlled studies and multiple trials. To be deemed an evidence-based practice, a program must undergo a rigorous, systematic evaluation process by authorized, expert review panels and receive the highest of ratings.
A document prepared annually that summarizes an organization's financial status.
The annual information return that all public charities must submit to the IRS each year and which is also filed with appropriate state officials. The form requires information on the charity's assets, income, operating expenses, paid staff and salaries, program areas, etc.
Funds that cover an organization's day-to-day ongoing expenses, such as salaries, utilities, office supplies, existing program costs, etc.
A document describing the Foundation's goals, priorities, and procedures for applying for a grant.
A donation of goods and services rather than cash or appreciated property.
The costs associated with the proposed project that are new to the organization.
Indicated interventions are aimed at individuals who may already display signs of psychological disorders.
Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, which covers many everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18.
The addition of a recognized, proven treatment intervention to an existing service delivery system or to a new population.
Section of the Internal Revenue Code that designates an organization as charitable and tax-exempt. Organizations qualifying under this section include religious, educational, charitable, amateur athletic, scientific, or literary groups, organizations testing for public safety, or organizations involved in prevention of cruelty to children or animals. Most organizations seeking foundation or corporate contributions secure a Section 501(c)(3) classification from the Internal Revenue Service.
One of the Internal Revenue Service designations assigned to supporting organizations. A supporting organization is a legitimate public charity with a 501(c)(3) designation whose legal structure is formed with a certain relationship with one or more other public charities.
Disorders that affect an individual's ability to either interpret what is seen or heard, or to link information from different parts of the brain. These limitations can show up in many ways, as specific difficulties with spoken and/or written language, coordination, self-control or attention deficits.
A brief letter outlining an organization's activities, project idea and funding request.
A grant or gift made with the specification that the amount donated must be matched on a one-for-one basis or according to some other prescribed formula.
Systematic data gathering and monitoring of prestated, intended consequences of a program or service. Outcomes measurement assesses the outcomes themselves to determine if the desired results have been achieved, and is often considered part of performance measurement and overall program evaluation.
A review of the results of a grant, with the emphasis upon whether or not the grant achieved its desired goal.
Taking advance measures against the occurrence of negative academic outcomes or the onset of psychological disorders and substance abuse, particularly for those at risk for developing such conditions.
A nongovernmental, nonprofit organization having a principal fund managed by its own trustees or directors. Private foundations maintain or aid charitable, educational, religious, or other activities serving the public good, primarily through the making of grants to other nonprofit organizations.
Systematic process that gathers and assesses information about a program, including performance measures, program implementation, quality, and/or client satisfaction. Program evaluation is inclusive of performance measurement (and outcomes measurement) and answers the "why," "how," and "what" questions regarding an organization's programs and services.
The ultimate results that a project is designed to achieve (e.g., decreased drug use, improved academic achievement).
Longer-term behavioral results of programs. Impacts can be considered more global or community based than outcomes because impacts demonstrate changed behavior over the long term for a larger group of people. Consider the following example of a hypothetical impact statement: "Because more Americans regularly wear seatbelts, the number of highway deaths has decreased by 35 percent over the last 20 years." Outcomes can become a contributor to overall, larger impacts.
Resources (fiscal, staffing, organizational) that are required to enable activities to take place.
Specific results or effects of a program's activities that must be achieved in pursuing the program's ultimate goals. For example, a treatment program may expect to change offender attitudes (objective) in order to ultimately reduce recidivism (goal).
The specific changes in skills, attitudes, behaviors, knowledge, or level of functioning expected to result from outputs. Outcomes are generally expressed in terms of the number or percentage of individuals expected to demonstrate such changes. Outcomes do not refer to the number of individuals receiving a training or treatment, nor to the number of classes/workshops/treatments completed (these are outputs).
The direct results of project activities (i.e., services). Outputs are generally expressed in terms of the number and/or duration of interventions, treatments, classes, trainings, or workshops offered or the number of individuals receiving a training or treatment.
A critical component of a proposal that answers the question, "Why is this project needed?"
Request for Proposals. The RFP lists project specifications and application procedures.
Selective interventions target those who are at greater-than-average risk for psychological disorders.
A visit to an organization at its office location or area of operation and/or meeting with its staff or directors or with recipients of its services. Site visits are used to evaluate proposals, monitor awarded grants, and to determine the efficiency of the project in meeting its stated objectives.
This initiative offers opportunities for funding requests that may be too small to be competitive in the Foundation’s annual grantmaking cycles. Overall, the Small Grants Program will allow the Foundation to respond to organizations’ smaller project or program needs in a simplified and expedited manner. Under this category, eligible non-profits can apply for one-year grants of $30,000 or less.
A model or method of treatment for psychological disorders that is considered to be one of the current best practices in the field.
A document used by an organization to articulate its mission, priorities, goals, and objectives.
The ability to maintain program services or their benefits after grant funding ends.
A specific group of individuals that a particular program or intervention seeks to serve.
A document used by an organization to align its technology needs with its overall strategic plan.
A legal document that outlines the terms and conditions of the grant and that specifies the program and fiscal reporting requirements.
The total amount of money being requested from the Foundation for the entire grant period. For example, the total amount for a request of $30,000 per year for three years is $90,000.
The total amount of money required to complete a project, including in-kind contributions and all other expenditures.
Universal programs are applied to general population groups without reference to those at particular risk.
A proposal sent to the Foundation without invitation and/or adherence to Foundation guidelines and application procedures.